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Perpendicular

Definitions

1 | noun | a straight line at right angles to another line
2 | noun | a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting
3 | noun | a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point
4 | noun | an extremely steep face
5 | adjective | intersecting at or forming right angles
6 | adjective | at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line
7 | adjective | extremely steep
(7 meanings)

Pronunciation

p, erpuhnd'ikyuhler (IPA: pˌɝpəndˈɪkjəlɝ)

Hyphenation

per-pen-dic-u-lar (13 letters | 5 syllables)

First known use in English

1391 (Late Middle ages) (632 years ago)

Word origins

Old French | Latin

Word frequency history

Word frequency history

Inflected form

perpendiculars

Synonyms

English-Gothic | English-Gothic architecture | perpendicular style | plumb line | vertical (total: 5)

Antonyms

parallel | oblique

Narrower terms

Tudor architecture | lead line | plumb rule | sounding line

Broader terms

straight line | Gothic | Gothic architecture | cord | face (total: 5)

Rhymes

curricular | extracurricular | particular | testicular | vehicular (total: 5)
(based on typical American pronunciation)

Lexically close words

perpendicularly

Anagrams

(none among common words)

Phrase

perpendicular style

Translations

Spanish: | perpendicular (geometry) | línea perpendicular (geometry)
French: | perpendiculaire (geometry) | ligne perpendiculaire (geometry)
Portuguese: | perpendicular (geometry) | linha perpendicular (geometry)
German: | senkrecht (geometry) | Lotlinie (geometry)
Japanese: | 垂直 (adjectival nouns) | 直立 (common noun) | 直角 (common noun) | 鉛直 (adjectival nouns)

Other notable uses

perpendicular.org

Crossword puzzle clues

(none)

Scrabble score

20 (International English) | 20 (North American English)

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